Legong Lasem or Kraton Dance, this is classical dance, which is usually staged in the palace courtyard to entertain the king. Three girl dancers in colorful costumes perform it. Classical Legong enacts several traditional stories. The most common is the tale of the King of Lasem from the Malat, a collection of heroic romances. He is at war with another king, the father (or brother) of Princess Ranjasari. Lasem wants to marry the girl, but she detests him and tries to run away. Becoming lost in the forest, she is captured by Lasem, who imprisons her and goes out for a final assault against her family. He is attacked by a monstrous raven, which foretells his death.
The dramatics are enacted in elaborate and stylized pantomime. A third dancer called a tjondong or attendant accompanies the two little actresses. She sets the scene, presents the dancers with their fans and later plays the part of the raven.
Legong is a classical Balinese dance group that has so many and very complex motion tied with percussion accompaniment structures said to be the influence of gambuh. The word comes from the word Legong itself, consisting of “Leg” which means a elastic or flexible dance, and “Gong” which means or refers to the gamelan. Legong thus implies a bound dance (especially its accentuation) by the accompanying gamelan. The gamelan that is used to accompany the dance is called the Gamelan Semar Legong Pagulingan.
Legong probably originated in the 19th century as royal entertainment. Legend has it that a prince of Sukawati fell ill and had a vivid dream in which two maidens danced to gamelan music. When he recovered, he arranged for such dances to be performed in reality.